Learning is a change in overt, observable behavior
- Internal processes are not considered.
- The Individual learner is not in control of what he learns (the course and content of learning).
- These are controlled by stimuli in the external environment.
- Through Behaviorist Learning, an Instructor can construct the appropriate environment and thereby create any individual he/she wishes.(Student as wet clay and instructor as potter)
- In Behaviorism (“Stimulus-Response” learning), Learning is a result of stimulus from the environment and a learners response to that.
- It is derived from the work of B.F. Skinner’s “Reinforcement Theory.”
- It is a Didactic approach
Instructor’s / Trainers Role
To focus on specific goals
- To manage, control and direct learning by arranging the environment, selecting stimuli, reinforcing desired responses, and discouraging undesirable responses.
Learner’s /Student’s/ Participant’s Role
Passive as regards course, content and context of learning.
- Respond to stimuli and feedback
- Learn through repetition
Examples of educational methods: Reinforcement & incentives, instructional feedback, games, simulations
- Smith, M. K. (1999) ‘Learning theory’, the encyclopedia of informal education, www.infed.org/biblio/b-learn.htm, Last update:
Submitted by Lovely Kumar, Chief-Projects, Larks Learning
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